The Department of Science & Technology (DST) was established in May 1971, with the objective of promoting new areas of science and technology and to play the role of a nodal department for organising, coordinating and promoting science and technology activities in the country. The DST is part of the Ministry of Science and Technology. Responsibilities of the DST include:
- Formulation of policies relating to Science and Technology.
- International Science and Technology Cooperation including appointment of scientific attaches abroad (These functions shall be exercised in close cooperation with the Ministry of External Affairs);
- Promotion of new areas of Science and Technology with special emphasis on emerging areas.
- Coordination and integration of areas of Science and Technology having cross-sectoral linkages in which a number of institutions and departments have interest and capabilities.
- Support and Grants-in-aid to Scientific Research Institutions, Scientific Associations and Bodies.
Affiliated bodies are
- the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB);
- the Technology Development Board (TDB);
- the National Council for Science and Technology Communication;
- the National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board.
- The DST also has responsibilities for a number of Autonomous Science and Technology Institutions including the Institute of Astrophysics and the National Innovation Foundation (NIF).