The Indian National Science Academy promotes science and its use in India. It was originally established in 1935 and was known as the 'National Institute of Sciences of India' until the present name was adopted in 1970. The Government of India recognized it in 1945 as the premier scientific society representing all branches of science in India. In 1968, it was designated as the adhering organization in India to the International Council for Science (ICSU) on behalf of the Government of India. It is headquartered in New Delhi.
The Academy consists of Foundation fellows, Fellows and Foreign Fellows. Election to the Academy is only by nomination. The objectives of the academy encompass promotion of science in India including its application to national welfare, safeguarding the interests of the scientists, establishing linkages with international bodies to foster collaboration and expressing considered opinion on national issues.
It also plays a crucial role in promoting, recognizing and rewarding excellence. With a view to promoting the pursuit of excellence in the field of 'Science and Technology', the academy has instituted 59 awards, placed in 4 categories, viz International Awards, General Medal & Lecture Awards, Subjectwise Medals/Lectures and Awards for Young Scientists. It also publishes journals, organizes scientific discussions and brings out proceedings and monographs.