During the last five years China has modernised and substantially revised its regulatory framework on data which has a direct impact on STI cooperation between European and Chinese partners.
These newly passed laws and regulations lead to uncertainties on both sides and effect ongoing and future scientific cooperation. A high degree of uncertainty is evident regarding data security, as it becomes an important aspect of global competition and cooperation. It is now more crucial than ever that scientific cooperation and a dialogue between research actors will continue.
The objective of this paper authored by the “EU R&I Knowledge Network on China” | Service Facility in Support of the Strategic Development of International Cooperation in Research and Innovation (N°30-CE-0838742/00-87) is to gain an overview of applicable Chinese data laws which are relevant for the research and innovation sectors and to raise awareness for European entities. It provides a brief description on key elements of China’s regulatory framework on data management (including key laws and regulations) that could be challenging for the research and innovation cooperation with China and discuss ways to mitigate possible risks. The laws and regulations introduced in this paper are the Cybersecurity Law of the People's Republic of China (CSL), Export Control Law of the People's Republic of China (ECL), Measures for the Management of Scientific Data (SDM), Data Security Law of the People's Republic of China (DSL) and the Personal Information Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PIPL).