The Ministry of Education (MOE) formulates and implements education policies on education structure, curriculum, pedagogy, and assessment. It oversees the management and development of Government-funded schools, and the Institute of Technical Education, polytechnics and universities.
The Academic Research Division (ARD) formulates, implements and reviews academic research and research manpower policies and funding under the Research, Innovation and Enterprise Masterplan for the universities, polytechnics and the Institute of Technical Education. ARD also reviews the progress and performance of the Research Centres of Excellence and administers research funds, including the MOE Academic Research Fund and the Research Scholarship Block. It also formulates policies pertaining to social science and humanities research, and constitutes the secretariats for the Academic Research Council and the Social Science Research Council.